Document Type : Original Article
Egyptian Armed Forces.
Base bleed unit is one of the active methods to increase the range of artillery projectiles. Ballistic performance of base bleed unit has been experimentally assessed using firing tests and wind tunnel experiments. Meanwhile, analytical and numerical studies have been carried out. In some of these studies, solid propellant is used as the source of the burnt gases ejected into the wake behind the projectile base. But, in other studies, different types of gases such as air, argon, hydrogen, and helium are ejected at different temperatures.
In this paper, the effects of the main dimensions of 2-parts tubular base bleed grain unit on its ballistic performance are studied analytically. These dimensions are base bleed grain maximum radius, length, inner diameter of the grain, and exit diameter of base bleed unit. The study is applied to the base bleed unit which is installed to K307 155mm projectile. The study leads to a new method to control the ejected mass flow rate. This method is based on changing the exit diameter of base bleed unit in order to get higher injection parameter in the first few seconds of projectile flight and lower values in the remaining time of base bleed grain burning. Therefore, the base bleed projectile range is increased by 1.7 % when comparing with its counterpart which is supplied with base bleed unit having constant exit diameter and the same base bleed grain.