Optimizing ladle-refining performance during treating special steel melts for aviation technology

Document Type : Original Article


1 Steel Department, Central Metallurgical R&D Institute, P.O.Box 87Cairo, Egypt.

2 Institute of Metallurgy, Miskolc University, H35015, Hungary.

3 Steel Department, Central Metallurgical R&D Institute, P.O.Box 87 Cairo, Egypt.



The ever increasing demands of consumers towards superior quality steel products urged steelmakers to consider the implementation of various relatively new metallurgical technologies into the classical operations. The necessity to produce high quality steels led to the use of two stage steel production processes, one is the primary steelmaking and the other stage is the outside furnace treatment through which many metallurgical functions can be achieved like degassing, stirring and inclusion removal, Inclusion modification, desulphurization, deoxidation, decarburization, heating and alloying. In this research a trial was done to optimize the performance and usage of 30tons-ladle refining system
during production of X65-pipeline steel as final product-Aluminium killed steel melts through controlling the mass flow contour using optimized modelling, optimum usage of Al2O3 and Sulphide modifiers and enhancing removal of non-metallic inclusions by altering their morphologies and hence floatation speed. Assessment of fine clusters of inclusions in the final steel product has been industrially correlated to the cleanness of melt before refining, to the slag composition and to the parameters of materials flow rates as well as their effects on the mechanical properties of final X65-steel product. Scanning-EM+DX analyzing unit and metallurgical microscopes were used to emphasis qualitatively and
quantitatively the characters of non-metallic inclusions.